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About Folk Costumes

Until the Second World War, skirts were worn of an old-fashioned type. Newer costumes are from the period after the war. The shirt was embroidered. Women knitted on a hook or on two spools (needles), with very thin sewing threads. Lace was bought afterwards. You have to do everything yourself. The huštani (type of skirt) were made of thick black linen bought from the stores. My father-in-law, when he was in Argentina, sent me material to make huštan. The huštan was on straps. When someone didn’t have enough strength, who was skinny, he would lose his clothes without strands to hold it. Materials for the shirt were bought. Who had money would buy lace, and who didn’t, had to make their own. Čenašić (decoration on…

The Story of Sandokan

In the last days of summer, we got a visit from Marino and Biserka Ivančić, the first owners of the Sandokan leut. They brought photos of his launch back in 1978. With lot of memories they talk about the agreement on the construction of the ship, the ideas they thought of when arranging the buy and the master who built it. The ship had a reputation. When they sailed with her on the Adriatic, everyone looked and admired her, they say. Sandokan, a leut 8.53 m long and 2.90 m in width, was made by the late Šime Jušić, a shipbuilder from Betina. They say they wanted a traditional leut as they saw it in Betina and Murter, but modernized and slightly different. Šime was…

Launch of the Leut “Kvarneriol”

Saturday, 12th of September In the shipyard Marin owned by the shipbuilder Ante Fržop, a boat type leut named Kvarneriol, 8 meters long and 3 meters wide, was launched. She has a 12-meter-long lantina (yard) and a 57 HP engine, registered for the transport of 12 people, equipped with a 150l oil tank and a 150l water tank, a toilet with a sink and a cooking area. Kvarneriol is made for several days of sailing and a longer stay at sea. The design is like one of our traditional boats – turned into a yacht, but still traditional because she can be paddled on two oars if there’s a need to. One oar on the bow, another oar on the stern. And you can also…

Contribution to Understanding the Shipbuilding in Betina

The villages Betina and Murter on the island of Murter were formed in the 14th and 15th century. Domestic population has practiced almost exclusively agriculture and cattle breeding since their inception. In the coming centuries, they expanded considerably their possessions by leasing the surrounding islands and the mainland as well as the Kornati and Žut – Sit island group. Owning a ship has become essential for every family. As far as we know, the first shipyard in Betina was founded by the shipbuilder family Filipi from Korčula in the mid-18th century, initiating the centuries-old tradition of building wooden boats. At the same time the shipbuilder family Uroda is very active in Betina along with the Filipi family. They mostly build wooden boats type gaeta, kaić,…

Brganja – Etimology of the Term

Brganja is a traditional tool for harvesting shells. It was made of a square metal construction with a strong net for the shells. All the metal pieces for this tool – brganja were made in local blacksmitheries while the boat owners made the net themselves. In the older days net was made out of copper wire while today it is made of a fishing net. Brganja was very important for locals, for their daily eating routine. What’s interesting is that people in Betina had more shells on their daily menu than fish. Nowadays a celebration festivity is being held every August in Betina. Celebrating the Festivity of Brganja is a dedication to all the hardworking people in Betina in the older days and their will to make…

Caulking Chisels

Picture: Caulking chisels – Chisels of different blade thickness, used for caulking.  All the woodwork in Betina shipyards was done manually in the first half of the 20th century. Tools were made by local blacksmithers in coordination with shipbuilders and their needs. In wood processing and construction of the ship even small works require specially designed tools. After sawing the wood by different types of saws, wood parts are being handled by a number of different tools before their installation. By tools used for carving or smoothing such as the adze, or different types of axes and wood shapers, the wood is formed by the lines created by a shipbuilder designing boat lines. All the tools were simple. Adze, chisel and a small saw were the basis for every…

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